Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement

The Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement (DA-LE) is an evidence-based risk assessment screening instrument, administered on scene by law enforcement officers, that identifies victims who are at the highest risk of severe/near-lethal assault.  It acts as a supplement to the police report. 

 

How it Works

An officer responding to a domestic violence call uses the DA-LE to collect a history of violence. The DA-LE consists of 11 questions.  A score that exceeds a pre-determined threshold indicates a victim at elevated risk of homicide and severe/near-lethal assault.  

The DA-LE is designed to be used in court to inform criminal justice proceedings including bail. The DA-LE can be used as a stand-alone tool or as part of a broader multidisciplinary team such as a Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT) that works together to prevent homicide. 

 The DA-LE is based on the Danger Assessment, an instrument developed by Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN to help abused women accurately assess the level of danger they are in from their partner or ex-partner. For more information, go to www.dangerassessment.org.

 

"Police officers have a unique opportunity to administer risk assessment at the scene of intimate partner violence (IPV) incidents."

- Jill Theresa Messing and Jacquelyn Campbell

 

The Research Behind DA-LE

The DA-LE is a collaboration between the foremost researchers in the field of intimate partner homicide and Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center.

To develop the DA-LE instrument, Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center partnered with two leading researchers, Dr. Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and Dr. Jill Theresa Messing, MSW, PhD of Arizona State University School of Social Work. 

» Read Informing collaborative interventions: Intimate partner violence risk assessment for front line police officers (PDF 146kb) by Jill Theresa Messing and Jacquelyn Campbell.

» Read more about our partners below.

The Domestic Violence High Risk Team Model

Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center launched the country’s first Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT) in Newburyport, MA in 2005.  DVHRT uses evidence-based risk assessment to alert the domestic violence response system when a case has a high risk of turning lethal. 

Once a high risk case is identified, a multi-disciplinary team of domestic violence advocates, local law enforcement, prosecutors, probation, corrections, and other community based organizations implements case specific intervention plans to mitigate the immediate danger.  Led by Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center, the DVHRT provides a practical forum to share critical, case specific information.  This close cooperation between team members closes gaps in the system that once allowed a predictable intimate partner homicide to occur.

The DVHRT framework is built on four fundamental strategies:

  • Early identification of high-risk cases using risk assessment
  • Engagement of a multi-disciplinary team
  • Ongoing monitoring and management of high-risk offenders
  • Engaging victims in services

Learn more...

To learn more about Domestic Violence High-Risk Teams visit DVHRT.org or read the New Yorker article, "A Raised Hand".

 
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ANNALS OF PREVENTION: A RAISED HAND

Can a new approach curb domestic homicide?
by Rachel Louise Snyder in The New Yorker, July 22, 2013

 

Research Practice Partners

The Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement is a collaboration between the foremost researchers in the field and Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center.

Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center partnered with two leading researchers in the field of intimate partner homicide, Dr. Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and Dr. Jill Theresa Messing, MSW, PhD of Arizona State University School of Social Work. 

 

Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center

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Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center is a nationally recognized leader in the fight to end domestic violence homicides. 

Motivated by the homicide of one of our clients over a decade ago, the center provides training and technical assistance to other communities committed to preventing domestic violence homicides across the country.  Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center developed and delivers a proprietary curriculum to teach criminal justice professionals, prosecutors, and victim advocates how to administer risk assessments like the DA-LE, how to start a Domestic Violence High Risk Team and how to improve their response to high-risk domestic violence cases.

» To learn more about us, visit JeanneGeigerCrisisCenter.org

 

Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN
Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing

Professor, Anna D. Wolf Chair
National Program Director, Robert Wood Johnson
Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars

Jacquelyn Campbell is a national leader in research and advocacy in the field of domestic violence or intimate partner violence (IPV). She has authored or co-authored more than 230 publications and seven books on violence and health outcomes. Her studies paved the way for a growing body of interdisciplinary investigations by researchers in the disciplines of nursing, medicine, and public health.

» Read Jacquelyn Campbell's full Curriculum Vitae 

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Jill Messing, MSW, PhD
Associate Professor, School Of Social Work

Jill Messing, MSW, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at Arizona State University. She earned her M.S.W. and PhD in Social Welfare at the University of California, Berkeley, and went on to complete a postdoctoral fellowship in interdisciplinary violence research at Johns Hopkins University where she studied under the mentorship of Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell.

Her interest areas are intimate partner violence, risk assessment, domestic homicide/femicide, criminal justice-social service collaborations, and evidence-based practice. She has published 27 articles and book chapters, and her work appears in top tier social work and interdisciplinary journals.

» Read Jill Messing's fill Curriculum Vitae or her Arizona State University profile.

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